Narayana is the name of the Supreme God in his infinite all pervading form. He is the Purusha of Purusha Suktam. Narayana is another name for Vishnu, as Vishnu is a finite form of infinite Narayan. He is also known as Hari. Understand that God is both infinite and finite.
The fifth verse of the Narayana Sukta, a hymn in Yajurveda, states that Narayana pervades whatever is seen or heard in this universe from inside and outside alike. Another important translation of Narayana is “The First Being”, according to the Manu Smriti. The waters are called narah, [for] the waters are, indeed, produced by Nara [the first Being]; as they were his first residence [ayana], he is called Narayana. In Sanskrit, “Nara” can also refer to all human beings or living entities (Jivas). Therefore, another meaning of Narayana is ‘resting place for all living entities’. The close association of Narayana with water explains the frequent depiction of Narayana in Hindu art as standing or sitting on an ocean.
In Srimad Vishnu Maha Puranam, in its Purvabhagah; Prathamamshah; Chaturthodhyayah; Slokas which reads as below:
Imam Chodaaharamtyatra shlokam Narayanam prati! Brahmaswaroopinam Devam Jagatah Prabhavaapyayam
Apo naaraa iti proktaa apo vai narasoonavah! aayanam tasya taah poorvam tena narayanah smrutah"
In the Kurma Purana he is identified with Brahman and Krishna-Vishnu. He is considered to be the 1st Acharya of the Advaita school of thought as Adi Shankaracharya mentions in his text & works.
In the Mahabharata, Krishna is often referred to as Narayana and Arjuna as Nara.
शान्ताकारं भुजगशयनं पद्मनाभं सुरेशं
विश्वाधारं गगनसदृशं मेघवर्ण शुभाङ्गम् ।
लक्ष्मीकान्तं कमलनयनं योगिभिर्ध्यानगम्यम्
वन्दे विष्णुं भवभयहरं सर्वलोकैकनाथम् ॥
The Narayana Upanishad states that Narayana is the eternal being: and therefore Narayana is Brahma. Narayana is Shiva. Narayana is Indra. Narayana is time. Narayana is the primary directions. Narayana is the subdirections. Narayana is above. Narayana is below. Narayana is within and without. Narayana is certainly everything; past, present and future. He is 'nishkalam' without material parts [although all beings are part of Narayana]. Being free from all falsehood, matter, He is 'niranjanah' or Brahman. He is without any master ;nirvikalpah. He is nirakhyatah' invisible to the masses in general [even though He is everywhere]. Narayana is the pure effulgent Supreme Personality of Godhead: no one else, without a second to compare. He, Lord Narayana, manifests in this world as Shri Vishnu.
Atha nithyo Narayana. Brahma Narayana
Shivascha Narayana. Shankrascha Narayana.
Kaalascha Narayana. Disascha Narayana.
Vidhisascha Narayana.Oordhwascha Narayana.
Adhascha Narayana. Anthar bahischa Narayana.
Narayana eevedam sarva yad bhootham yachcha bhavyam.
Nish kalanko niranjano Nirvikalpo niraakhyatha.
shabho deva eka Narayano na dwitheyesthi kaschit.
Ya evam veda sa vishnureva bhavathi sa Vishnureva bhavathi.
Nothing evil will happen to a man who prays lord vishnu every day.
The man attains great fame, free from diseases, wealth, great courage, great energy, many more and many more who prays lord vishnu.
All the vedas,scriptures,arts,works,sciences and all forms of knowledge have evolved from Lord Narayana.
Lord Narayana has infinite or unlimited strength,unlimited beautiness etc.,
Chanting Lord Narayana,By chanting “Narayana,Narayana”. one can relieve from all diseases,all unfortunes,etc.
By chanting “Achyuta , Ananta , Govinda” one can free from all diseases,by chanting regularly.
By chanting “Vasudevaya Mangalam”,one can relieve from bad effects due to any bad signs,like when one starts any new work.
Lord Rama,by chanting the name “rama” itself relieves from bondage.By chanting “Rama”,one can relieve from all the bondages.Hence chant Lord Rama regularly.
By chanting “Rama”,which is equal to Vishnu SahasraNama,the thousand names of Lord Vishnu,the Lord Vishnu devotee can get much wealth etc.
Pray to relieve from problems by chanting “Sri Krishna” several times,regularly.
Worship Lord Narayana in the month of Karthika with Lotus flowers , offering oil deepams in Lord Vishnu temples and doing japa ,and praying Lord Vishnu with tulsi leaves,flowers and offering tulsi garlands and flower garlands would make a Lord Vishnu devotee achieve a highest stages at Lord Narayana.And all his sins would be removed by praying Lord Vishnu in the month of Karthika (November).
Observing fasting and praying Lord Vishnu on all Ekadasi’s results Lord Vishnu devotee to have higher meditational powers ,removal of all sins ,and more.
Praying Lord Vishnu with flowers and offering tulsi garlands,flower garlands , flowers to Lord Vishnu at every time to Lord Vishnu results in much spiritual growth of the Lord Vishnu devotee.
Pray Lord Vishnu with Vishnu SahasraNamam, to attain wealth, and many more goodness from Lord Vishnu.
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